Английский язык. Теория и практика. Употребление времен

Ричард Грант
Английский язык. Теория и практика. Употребление времен

Разница между The Present Continuous и The Present Simple

1. Present Continuous применяется для описания ситуаций и действий, которые говорящий считает временными. Present Simple описывает ситуации, которые говорящий воспринимает как постоянные.

Linda is working at the ice cream shop during summer. – Летом Линда работает в магазине мороженого. (когда лето закончится, Линда больше не будет работать в этом месте.)

Sam works as a manager at the ice cream shop. – Сэм работает управляющим в магазине мороженого. (это его постоянная работа)

2. Если мы описываем повторяющиеся действия, которые связаны с настоящим моментом, используем Present Continuous. А если с настоящим моментом они не связаны, употребляем Present Simple.

I'm speaking with my mom a lot these days. – В последнее время я часто говорю с мамой по телефону. (есть связь с текущим моментом)

I speak with my aunt who lives in New York twice a year. – Дважды в год я разговариваю со своей тетей, которая живет в Нью-Йорке. (нет связи с настоящим моментом)

3. Present Continuous описывает действие, происходящее в настоящий момент. Present Simple используется для описания фактов, которые остаются верными в любой момент времени.

Kathy is speaking with her father at the moment. – Сейчас Кэти говорит со своим отцом. (она говорит в настоящий момент времени, разговор будет закончен)

Kathy speaks English. – Кэти говорит по-английски. (она умеет говорить по-английски, это утверждение остается фактом в любой момент времени)

Упражнение 1

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Continuous или в Present Simple.

1. I (to take) my sister to school now. I (to take) her to school every day. 2. He (to work) in the centre of Chicago. 3. Tom (to play) football on Saturday. 4. His father (not to watch) TV at the moment. He (to sleep) because he (to be) tired. 5. I (to sit) in the waiting room at the doctor’s now. 6. I (not to know) what to give my brother for his birthday. 7. I often (to go) to see my friends in the evening. 8. You (to keep) to any special diet? – Well, I (not to think) it (to be) good to eat a lot of meat. I usually (to have) meat only once a week. I (to eat) lots of fruit and vegetables. 9. He (to help) his father now. He (to help) his father very often. 10. He (to work) in the centre of Chicago? 11. He (not to play) football every day. 12. Pat (not to cook) dinner at the moment. She (to talk) on the phone. She (to cook) dinner every Monday. 13. I (not to work) in my office now. 14. They (to want) to publish this book in July?

Упражнение 2

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Continuous или в Present Simple.

1. We sometimes (to go) to the cinema or to a disco club on Sunday. 2. He (to learn) English now because he (to want) to get a better job. 3. At the moment they (to go) to the river for a swim. They usually (to go) to the river for a swim. 4. He (not to work) in the centre of Chicago. 5. I (to wear) a suit now. 6. I (not to drink) coffee now. I (to write) an English exercise. 7. Eric (to talk) about his holiday plans, but Kenny (not to listen) to him. He (to think) about his new car at the moment. 8. She (to think) he (to drive) dangerously. 9. Andrew (to get) up very early as he (to live) far from school. He (to be) never late. 10. The teacher (to know) the girl often (not to argue) with pupils. 11. She (to play) the violin now. She (to play) the violin every day. 12. They (to read) a lot of books. 13. I (not to wear) jeans now. 14. I (not to drink) coffee in the evening. I (to drink) coffee in the morning.

Упражнение 3

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Continuous или в Present Simple.

1. My friend (to live) in Toronto. 2. He (to understand) that he (to eat) noisily, but he always (to forget) about it. 3. It (to be) six o’clock in the evening now. Victor (to do) his homework. His sister (to read) a book. His mother and grandmother (to talk). 4. I (to think) she often (to worry). 5. I (to read) now. I (to read) every day. 6. They (to read) many books? 7. My friend (not to like) to play football. 8. Your friend (to do) his homework now? 9. My cousin (not to live) in Toronto. 10. Who that man (to be) who (to stand) in the doorway? – You (not to recognize) him? It (to be) John, my cousin. 11. I (to write) a letter to my grandmother who (to live) in Toronto. I (to write) to her very often. 12. Barbara’s boss (to see) she (to be) always late for work. 13. He (to sleep) now. He (to sleep) every night. 14. They (not to read) many books.

Упражнение 4

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Continuous или в Present Simple.

1. I (not to read) now. 2. Your friend (to go) to school in the morning? 3. The children (not to sleep) now. 4. I (to have) no time now, I (to have) dinner. 5. It (to take) me forty minutes to get to school. 6. I (to call) my son in Chicago now. I (to want) to call him every month but it (to be) very expensive. 7. We (to drink) tea now. We (to drink) tea every morning. 8. The children (to eat) soup now. 9. He (to sleep) now? 10. Look! The baby (to sleep). 11. The children (to play) in the yard every day. 12. Your family (to leave) Toronto in summer? – Yes, we always (to go) to the seaside. We all (to like) the sea. Mother (to stay) with us till the end of August, but father (to return) much earlier. 13. Hello, Pete, where you (to go)? – I (to hurry) to school. 14. You (to hear) me now? How your job (to go)? – Great! I (to enjoy) it a lot. The only problem I (to have) here (to be) that the food (to be) so good. I (to eat) too much! I (to get) really fat.

Упражнение 5

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Continuous или в Present Simple.

1. They (to go) to school now. They (to go) to school every morning. 2. The children (to eat) soup now? 3. We (not to go) to the country in winter. 4. The baby always (to sleep) after dinner. 5. They (not to go) to the stadium on Monday. 6. Where Tom and Nick (to be) now? – They (to have) a nice walk in the garden. 7. When your lessons (to begin) on Monday? – They (to begin) at nine o’clock. 8. Ruth (to learn) English now because she (to like) learning languages and she (to want) to impress everybody. 9. I (not to sleep) now. I (not to sleep) in the daytime. 10. The children (not to eat) soup now. 11. My sister (to eat) sweets every day. 12. My grandmother (not to work). She is on pension. 13. She (to read) in the evening. 14. What you (to do) here now? – We (to listen) to tape recordings.

Упражнение 6

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Continuous или в Present Simple.

1. Where your sister (to be)? – She (to do) her homework in the next room. 2. Listen to that man! You (to understand) what language he (to speak)? 3. She (not to drink) coffee now. She (not to drink) coffee after lunch. 4. You (to play) volleyball well? 5. She (not to eat) sweets now. 6. My father (not to sleep) now. He (to work) in the garden. 7. She (not to read) in the morning. 8. You (to want) to see my father? – Yes, I …. 9. It usually (to take) me an hour to do my written exercises. 10. Your English (to get) better? – Yes, I (to think) so. 11. We (not to watch) TV now. We (not to watch) TV in the morning. 12. When you (to play) volleyball? 13. They (to do) their homework in the afternoon. 14. I usually (to get) up at seven o’clock in the morning.

Упражнение 7

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Continuous или в Present Simple.

1. She (not to read) now. 2. Michael (to know) German rather well. He (to want) to know English, too, but he (to have) little time for it now. 3. Where Boris (to be)? I (to look) for him. – He (to have) dinner. 4. We (to know) he never (to take) risks. 5. They (not to eat) now. They (not to eat) at the lesson. 6. What Nick (to do) in the evening? 7. They (not to go) for a walk in the evening. 8. What your sister (to do) now? – She (to wash) her face and hands. 9. I (to write) an essay now. 10. What magazine you (to read)? – It (to be) a French magazine. There (to be) good articles on sports here. You (to be) interested in sports? – Yes, I …. But I (not to know) French. 11. I (to look) for a cassette recorder. You (to have) anything on sale? – Take a look at this little Sonic Walkman. – No, I (not to want) this kind. – Well, this Supersound might interest you. It (to be) a good size, it (to be) stereo and it (to have) a radio to listen to the news. 12. They (to think) he (to learn) fast, he (to know) English well and he (to speak) English fluently. 13. My mother (not to work) now. My mother (not to work) at an office. 14. He (to go) to the cinema in the evening?

 

Упражнение 8

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Continuous или в Present Simple.

1. My father (not to work) on Sunday. 2. When you usually (to come) home from school? – I (to come) at three o’clock. 3. I (not to drink) milk now. 4. We (to have) an English lesson now. 5. I (not to know) about you, but I (to go) out to the cinema. 6. Don’t disturb him. He just (to work) at his English. 7. You (to work) now? You (to work) every day? 8. We (not to dance) every day. 9. He (to work) every day. 10. Where your cousin (to work)? – He (to work) at a hospital. 11. I (to go) for a walk after dinner. 12. He (to feel) in a position to lend her money. 13. I (not to like) to watch TV very often. But at the moment I (to enjoy) my favourite film Gone with the Wind. And I (to be) very happy. 14. He (to play) now? He (to play) in the afternoon?

Упражнение 9

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Continuous или в Present Simple.

1. Look! Kate (to dance). 2. I (to read) books in the evening. 3. Your sister (to study) at college? – No, she (to go) to school. 4. I (not to go) to the theatre every Sunday. 5. I (to think) she (not to feel) safe there. 6. You (to have) any idea where Rick (to be)? I (not to see) him at work now. – He (to visit) his friends in Spain. 7. They (to eat) now? They (to eat) at school? 8. Kate (to sing) well? 9. I (not to read) books in the morning. 10. My cousin (to go) to school every day. 11. He (not to work) now. 12. You (to see) what I (to mean)? 13. Hurry up! We (not to have) much time left. – I (to come)! 14. Your sister (to rest) now? Your sister (to rest) after school?

Упражнение 10

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Continuous или в Present Simple.

1. Where he (to go) in the morning? 2. I (to write) an exercise now. 3. My mother (not to play) the piano now. She (to play) the piano in the morning. 4. He (to play) now. 5. You (to hear) what she (to say)? 6. She (to try) to lose weight, I (to think). She always (to have) light lunches. 7. What you (to do) now? What you (to do) every morning? 8. He (not to sleep) after dinner. 9. I (not to write) a letter now. 10. When you (to listen) to the news on the radio? 11. He (to play) now? 12. He (not to feel) at liberty to tell you the truth. 13. She (to try) to do her best. 14. What you (to read) now? What you (to read) after dinner?

Упражнение 11

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Continuous или в Present Simple.

1. My granny (to sleep) after dinner. 2. They (to play) in the yard now. 3. Who (to make) breakfast for you now? 4. My mother (to work) in a factory. 5. Ron has got a new job. He (to earn) a fortune as a managing director. They (to think) he (to be) a bag of money. 6. My little brother (not to play) the piano very well. That (to be) why he (to practise) the piano again. 7. What they (to eat) now? What they (to eat) for breakfast? 8. When you (to sleep)? 9. They (not to play) in the street now. 10. You (to read) a magazine and (to think) about your holiday at the moment? 11. My aunt (not to work) in a shop. 12. They (to come) tonight? – Yes, I (to believe) so. 13. My grandmother (to be) busy. She (to bake) an apricot pie. She (to bake) pies every Sunday. 14. What your brother (to drink) now? What your brother (to drink) in the evening?

Упражнение 12

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Continuous или в Present Simple.

1. Nina (not to sleep) now. 2. They (to play) in the room now? 3. They (to be) good dancers but they (not to go) to discos very often. 4. You (to work) in an office? 5. I (to believe) in myself at the moment. 6. I (to be) sad. That (to be) why I (to cry). 7. Everybody (to have) a good time now? Everybody (to have) a good time every Saturday? 8. Where John (to live)? – He (to live) in England. 9. He (to help) his mother every day. 10. What she (to talk) about right now? 11. Your father (to work) in this factory? 12. He (to dislike) walking, he (to like) jogging. 13. She (to take) medicine now? How often she (to take) medicine? 14. My friends from Switzerland (to speak four languages. 15. Who (to listen) to music on his personal stereo over there right now?

Упражнение 13

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Continuous или в Present Simple.

1. He (to help) his mother every day? 2. You (to play) chess now? 3. Where they (to go) now? Where they (to go) on Sunday? 4. Elvire (to speak) English, German and French? – Yes, she …. 5. He (not to help) his mother every day. 6. Look at the sky: the clouds (to move) slowly, the sun (to appear) from behind the clouds, it (to get) warmer. 7. They (to speak) English now? What language they usually (to speak)? 8. She only (not to speak) Italian. 9. You (to go) to school on Sunday? 10. How is your brother? – He is not well yet, but his health (to improve) day after day. 11. She (to work) in a shop now? 12. Listen! Who (to play) the piano in the next room? 13. He (to deliver) furniture now? 14. Henry usually (to wear) glasses and now he (to wear) sunglasses. 15. You (to go) to the opera with your friends? Who (to be) your favourite opera singer?

Упражнение 14

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Continuous или в Present Simple.

One Sunday Agnes and her mother went to the zoo. The girl was very excited. She was interested in everything she saw. “Mother, look,” she said. “There (to be) a monkey in this cage. It (to eat) an apple. Now it (to give) a bite to another monkey. I (to think) monkeys (to like) apples very much.” “Yes, dear,” said her mother. “Now I (to want) to go and see the lions and tigers. Where they (to live), mother?” “In that big house over there. Come along.” Agnes enjoyed the lion’s house a lot. “Mother,” she said, “the tiger (to want) a drink: it (to go) to the dish of water there in the corner. And the lion (to look) right at me. You (to think) it (to want) to eat me up? When the lions and tigers (to have) their dinner, mother?” “The keepers (to bring) them large pieces of meat every day at four o’clock. And they (to make) a lot of noise before their dinner time, so everybody (to know) they (to be) hungry.”

Разница между The Past Simple и The Past Continuous

1. Past Continuous используется для описания процесса в определенный момент в прошлом, а Past Simple – для описания законченного действия в прошлом.

When I looked out of the window, I saw that a stranger was walking in our street. – Когда я выглянул из окна, я увидел, что незнакомец прогуливался по нашей улице. (процесс в определенный момент в прошлом)

Did you see a stranger who walked in our street? – Ты видел незнакомца, который прошел по нашей улице? (законченное действие)

2. Past Continuous, в отличие от Past Simple, не используется с глаголами состояния (stative verbs).

was knowing knew him for several years. – Я знал его несколько лет.

Обратите внимание на следующие предложения:

When mother came home, I was reading.

came – однократное действие (пришла) – Past Simple

was reading – действие в процессе (читал) – Past Continuous

When mother was reading, I came home.

was reading – действие в процессе (читала) – Past Continuous

came – однократное действие (пришел) – Past Simple

Father was reading at 7 o’clock yesterday. – действие в процессе – Past Continuous

Father came home at 7 o’clock yesterday. – однократное действие – Past Simple

Упражнение 15

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Past Simple или Past Continuous.

1. I (to go) to the cinema yesterday. 2. I (to play) computer games yesterday. 3. When I (to come) home, my little sister (to sleep). 4. The girl (to cook) dinner when the lights (to go) out. She (to burn) herself. 5. I (to go) to the theatre yesterday. 6. Father (to watch) TV at ten o’clock yesterday. 7. Last Sunday we (to go) skiing in the country. There (to be) already a lot of snow in the fields and we (to enjoy) ourselves. We (to ski) for two hours and a half. 8. The cat (to take) a piece of fish and then (to run) away. 9. I (to wash) the dishes after dinner. 10. I (to feed) my cat with fish yesterday. 11. I (to go) to the cinema at four o’clock yesterday. 12. I (to play) computer games at five o’clock yesterday. 13. When Nick (to come) home, his brother (to play) with his toys. 14. The boy (to hurt) himself while he (to skate).

Упражнение 16

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Past Simple или Past Continuous.

1. At seven o’clock yesterday I (to go) to the theatre. 2. I (to go) to bed at nine o’clock yesterday. 3. They (to meet) at the station two hours ago. 4. He (to read) a newspaper when I (to come) in. 5. I (to wash) the dishes from six till seven yesterday. 6. What you (to do) at four o’clock yesterday? – I (to feed) my cat. 7. I (to go) to the cinema when you met me. 8. He (to play) computer games from two till three yesterday. 9. When mother (to come) home, I (to do) my homework. 10. When the woman (to enter) the room, the children (to feed) the goldfish. 11. What you (to do) at 5 o’clock yesterday? – I (to play) the piano. 12. I (to finish) my homework at nine o’clock yesterday. 13. Where you (to spend) last Sunday? 14. Yesterday I (to get) up at eight o’clock.

Упражнение 17

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Past Simple или Past Continuous.

1. She (to finish) cooking at four o’clock yesterday. 2. What your brother (to do) yesterday? – He (to play) computer games. 3. I (to do) my homework the whole evening yesterday. 4. We (to play) computer games the whole evening yesterday. 5. When father (to come) home, Pete (to sleep). 6. When I (to visit) my friends in Denmark, I (to buy) two presents for my family. 7. When I (to come) to school, the children (to stand) near the classroom. 8. I (to play) the piano at five o’clock yesterday. 9. We (to be) in a hurry because only twenty minutes (to be) left before the beginning of the performance. 10. The train (to start) at fifteen minutes to ten. 11. At half past four yesterday we (to have) dinner. 12. I (to begin) repairing my camera at six o’clock yesterday. 13. I (to do) my homework when mother came home. 14. My brother (not to play) tennis yesterday. He (to play) tennis the day before yesterday.

 

Упражнение 18

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Past Simple или Past Continuous.

1. When mother (to come) home, the children (to play) on the carpet. 2. When it (to start) raining, we (to swim) in the river. 3. We (to play) in the yard the whole evening yesterday. 4. He (to begin) to do his homework at four o’clock yesterday. 5. I (to play) the violin when my friend (to come) in. He (to invite) me to the theatre and I (to accept) the invitation with pleasure. 6. He (to put) on his coat and cap, (to open) the door and (to go) out. 7. We (to work) the whole morning yesterday. 8. At five o’clock yesterday Helen (to cook) soup. 9. I (to do) my homework yesterday. 10. My sister (not to play) the piano at four o’clock yesterday. She (to play) the piano the whole evening. 11. When I (to get) up, my mother and father (to drink) tea. 12. Yesterday at one o’clock I (to have) lunch at the canteen. 13. When I (to prepare) breakfast in the morning, I (to cut) my finger. 14. She (to play) the flute at four o’clock yesterday.

Упражнение 19

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Past Simple или Past Continuous.

1. He (to ring) up his friend and (to ask) him about the homework. 2. At this time yesterday I (to watch) a play by Chekhov at the theatre. 3. Mother (to cook) dinner at three o’clock yesterday. 4. What you (to do) when your sister (to come) home yesterday? 5. I (to do) my homework from five till eight yesterday. 6. When I came into the kitchen, mother (to cook). 7. When I (to come) to my friend’s place, he (to watch) TV. 8. When he (to come) in, I (to do) my exercises. 9. Last year I (to go) to the United States. 10. I (to meet) Nick at three o’clock yesterday. 11. When I (to come) to the theatre, my friend already (to wait) for me. 12. He (to come) back to Toronto on the 15th of January. 13. They (to go) to the wood last Sunday? 14. You (to have) supper at nine o’clock yesterday?

Упражнение 20

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Past Simple или Past Continuous.

1. I (to do) my homework at six o’clock yesterday. 2. She (to cook) the whole day yesterday. 3. When I (to see) my friends, they (to play) football. 4. What you (to do) at eight o’clock yesterday? 5. You (to go) to Great Britain last year? – No, I (to go) to France. 6. When I (to come) home, Kate (to play) the piano. 7. When I (to go) to the dentist’s, I (to brеak) my arm. 8. I (to go) to the institute when I (to see) him. 9. When they (to sail) down the river, they (to see) a little island. 10. He (not to go) to the shop yesterday. 11. I (not to play) the piano yesterday. I (to write) a letter to my friend. 12. We (to wash) the floor in our flat yesterday. 13. When I (to open) the door, the cat (to sit) on the table. 14. At this time yesterday I (to go) home.

Упражнение 21

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Past Simple или Past Continuous.

1. What you (to do) yesterday? – I (to translate) a very long article. 2. When I (to meet) John, he (to go) to the railway station. 3. When the teacher (to walk) into the classroom, the boys (to listen) to pop music and the girls (to eat) chips and (to drink) lemonade. 4. At this time yesterday we (to have) dinner. 5. They (to translate) a difficult text yesterday. 6. Nick (to go) to bed at ten o’clock yesterday. 7. I (not to play) the piano at four o’clock yesterday. I (to read) a book. 8. We (to wash) the floor in our flat from three till four yesterday. 9. When Kate (to open) the door, the children (to dance) round the fir tree. 10. You (to sleep) when I (to go) out. 11. When I (to ring) up my friend, he (to sleep). 12. When I (to go) to the museum, I (to see) a big crowd of people in the street. 13. She (to go) to the bank when I (to meet) her. She (not to go) to the doctor. 14. He (to write) a letter when I (to come) in.

Упражнение 22

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Past Simple или Past Continuous.

1. I (to open) the window at six o’clock yesterday. 2. Rick (to sleep) at eleven o’clock yesterday. 3. He (not to sleep) when father came home. He (to do) his homework. 4. You (to do) your homework yesterday? 5. When Tom (to cross) the street, he (to fall). 6. He (to read) on the sofa when I (to come) in and (to sit) down beside him. 7. While my grandfather (to watch) TV, he (to fall) asleep. 8. They (to play) in the yard in the evening yesterday. 9. What you (to do) when the accident (to happen)? – I (to walk) out of the hospital. 10. He (to make) a report when I (to leave) the meeting. 11. You (to go) to the cinema yesterday? 12. When we (to play) in the yard yesterday, it suddenly (to start) raining heavily. 13. When I (to go) to school the day before yesterday, I met Mike and Pete. They (to talk) and (to laugh). They told me a funny story. Soon I (to laugh), too. I still (to laugh) when we came to school. After school I (to tell) this story at home. My father and mother (to like) it very much. 14. You (to do) your homework from eight till ten yesterday?

Упражнение 23

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Past Simple или Past Continuous.

1. When I (to go) to school, I (to meet) my friend. 2. I (to walk) along the street with my friend when a tram (to pass). 3. When my friend (to come) to see me, I (to do) my homework. 4. They (to play) in the yard the whole evening yesterday. 5. He (to leave) the bank, when the thieves (to take) his money. 6. Yesterday he (to write) a letter to his friend. 7. I (not to see) Mike last week. 8. I (to see) Mike when he (to cross) the street. 9. When we were in the country last summer, I (to go) to the woods one day. In the woods I (to find) a little fox cub. It could not run. It (to injure) its leg. I (to decide) to help the cub. I (to bring) it home. Every day I (to feed) it and (to take) care of it. I (to do) it the whole summer. Now the fox cub is quite well. It (to leave) my house. It lives in the woods again. 10. Why she (to sleep) at seven o’clock yesterday? 11. When we (to go) to the cinema, we (to meet) grandmother. 12. She (to look) out of the window when I (to see) her. 13. When I (to go) to the stadium, I (to meet) Kate and Ann. 14. I (to clean) my teeth at eight o’clock in the morning yesterday.

Упражнение 24

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Past Simple или Past Continuous.

1. When I (to look) at them, they (to smile) at me. 2. When I (to open) the door, my friends (to sit) around the table. 3. He (to begin) repairing his bicycle in the morning yesterday. 4. He (to sit) at the table the whole evening yesterday. 5. When grandmother (to go) home, she (to see) many children in the yard. 6. We (to answer) the teacher’s questions when the headmistress (to enter) the class room. 7. When Nick (to ring) me up yesterday, I (to help) mother. 8. We (to go) to the wood in summer. 9. What you (to do) at six o’clock yesterday? 10. When you (to begin) doing your homework yesterday? 11. He (to repair) his bicycle the whole day yesterday. 12. What Nick (to do) when you came to his place? 13. When Henry (to walk) about in the forest, he (to find) a bear cub. 14. They (to drink) tea when I (to come) home. 15. He (to shave) when he (to hear) her scream.

Упражнение 25

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Past Simple или Past Continuous.

1. When the children (to walk) through the wood, they (to see) a fox. 2. When the teacher (to open) the door of the classroom, the pupils (to sit) at their desks. 3. I (to go) to bed at half past eleven. 4. We (to discuss) the latest news from three till four yesterday. 5. He (to finish) repairing his bicycle in the evening yesterday. 6. What you (to do) when I rang you up? 7. When we (to walk) about in the forest, we (to see) a hare. 8. He (to walk) along the river when a boat (to pass). 9. When I (to come) home, my sister (to wash) the floor. 10. He (to get) up at seven o’clock yesterday. 11. Yesterday the lesson (to begin) at nine o’clock. 12. When I (to read) the newspaper yesterday, I (to find) an interesting article on UFOs. 13. We (to play) badminton from nine till eleven yesterday. 14. I (not to sleep) at nine o’clock yesterday. 15. At half past ten yesterday I (to sleep).

Упражнение 26

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Past Simple или Past Continuous.

1. When I (to wash) the floor, I (to find) my old toy under the sofa. 2. The old man (to think) about his plan when he (to fall) asleep. 3. When Mike (to play) in the yard, he (to find) a ball. 4. Father (to come) home at six o’clock yesterday. 5. When somebody (to knock) on the door, she (to argue) with her husband. 6. You (to watch) TV yesterday? – Yes, we (to watch) TV the whole evening yesterday. 7. Kate (not to go) for a walk yesterday. She (to write) an essay the whole day yesterday. 8. What he (to do) yesterday? – He (to read) a book. 9. When granny (to read) a book on the sofa, she (to fall) asleep. 10. We (to listen) to an interesting lecture yesterday. 11. When I (to draw) yesterday, I (to break) two pencils. 12. I (to read) a book at six o’clock yesterday. 13. When Pete (to jog) in the park in the morning, he (to lose) his expensive mobile phone. 14. When you (to go) to bed yesterday? 15. We (not to go) on a walking tour last summer.

Упражнение 27

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Past Simple или Past Continuous.

1. When your father (to come) home yesterday? – He (to come) home at seven o’clock. 2. What he (to do) the whole evening yesterday? – He (to read) a book. 3. When I (to play) in the yard, I suddenly (to see) my old friend. 4. When I (to enter) the classroom, the teacher (to write) words on the blackboard and the pupils (to copy) them into their exercise books. 5. When I (to meet) Tom, he (to go) to the shop. 6. She (to fall) asleep at eleven o’clock yesterday. 7. When the police (to take) the thief to the car, I (to go) to the cinema to see the new Tom Cruise film. 8. I (to go) to bed at ten o’clock yesterday. 9. When my father (to come) home yesterday, my mother (to make) supper. 10. She (to sleep) when you came home? – No, she (to knit). 11. When Nick (to run) about in the yard, he (to fall). 12. They (to get) ready to go out when it (to begin) to rain. 13. When I (to look) out of the window, the children (to play) hide-and-seek. 14. Mother (to drink) tea at eleven o’clock yesterday. 15. When I (to come) home from school yesterday, my little brother (to sit) on the floor with all his toys around him. He (to play) with them. I (to tell) him to put his toys into the box as he (to make) too much noise.

Упражнение 28

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Past Simple или Past Continuous.

We (to walk) down the street in the direction of Mike’s house, when we (to see) him in the window of a bus that (to pass) by. He (to recognize) us, too, but he could not get off as the bus (to be) overcrowded. We (to be) very sorry that we (to have) no chance to speak to him. But we could do nothing and (to decide) to go back. At that very moment we (to hear) Mike’s voice behind us. “How funny,” he (to say), “I (to go) to your place when I suddenly (to see) you here. I am so glad to see you.”

Упражнение 29

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Past Simple или Past Continuous.

The sun (to go) down behind the hills when I (to reach) a village which (to be) only a few miles from the sea. The working day (to be) over, and the villagers (to come) home from the fields. Along the road two boys (to drive) cows and sheep in the direction of the village. I (to approach) a group of people standing near the road and (to ask) them if I could find a place in the village to spend the night. An old man (to say) he would help me. He (to take) me to his small cottage at the far end of the street. A fire (to burn) in the stove when we (to enter) the house. One girl of about eighteen (to prepare) supper in the kitchen while two other girls still (to do) something in the kitchen garden near the house. The old man (to invite) me to have supper with them. They all (to seem) to be nice people and we (to have) a friendly talk. After supper my new friends and I (to go) out into the garden. The moon (to shine) high in the sky, and the night (to be) warm and beautiful. That evening (to be) very pleasant, and I’ll remember it a long time.

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